Adoption is the legal process whereby a person or persons become a child's legal parent or parents. The Adoption Services Program finds permanent homes for children available for adoption. Children relinquished for adoption or who are in the continuous custody of a Manager of Children, Seniors and Social Development are matched with adoptive parents. The program also approves applications to adopt a child from other Canadian provinces and territories and foreign countries.
Individual/couples who wish to apply to adopt a child should contact a social worker with the Adoption Services Program at the CSSD office in their region or call (709) 729-4563.
Applicants may apply to adopt a child under the age of 24 months who is eligible for adoption in Newfoundland and Labrador. The provincial waiting period is approximately eight years depending on the number of infants available for adoption.
Applicants may apply to adopt a child over the age of 24 months who is eligible for adoption in Newfoundland and Labrador. The provincial waiting period depends on the number of older children available for adoption. Older children available for adoption are usually in the continuous custody of a Manager of Children, Seniors and Social Development.
Where another province or territory of Canada requests the placement of a child with a person in this province, The Department of Children, Seniors and Social Development will work with adoption authorities in the child's province to facilitate the adoption. Applicants must meet the requirements for adoption under the Adoption Act, 2013 in Newfoundland and Labrador and any requirements of the province/territory where the child is originating.
Applicants may apply to adopt a child from a foreign country. Applicants must meet the requirements for adoption under the Adoption Act, 2013 for Newfoundland and Labrador. They must also meet the requirement of the country from which they choose to adopt a child. Applicants typically use a private adoption agency licensed in Canada and the foreign country to help facilitate this complex process. Currently, there are no private agencies in Newfoundland and Labrador, approved to facilitate Intercountry adoptions. Applicants usually avail of services of agencies located in other provinces.
Step-parents and relatives (parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, sibling or a first cousin of a birth parent or a child by birth or adoption) may apply to adopt a child using the Step-Parent, Relative or Person with Permanent Custody of a Child Self Help Kit.
Persons interested in completing an adult adoption are able to proceed directly to the Court. They may use the services of a lawyer to assist.
The Adoption Act, 2013 requires that birth parents be given information regarding adoption, the types of adoption and alternatives to adoption. Providing information about the alternatives to adoption is essential in order for the birth parents to make a fully informed decision about the permanent plan for a child.
Birth parents can contact a social worker at their local CSSD office to determine if they wish to make an adoption plan for the child.
The Adoption Act, 2013 provides for openness in the release of adoption information. Persons adopted under this Act or a former Act may, at age 19 years old, apply to Vital Statistics for copies of their original birth registration and adoption order.
When an adopted person has reached their 19th birthday, birth parents may apply to Vital Statistics for copies of:
Adopted persons, at age 18 years, and birth parents who wish to maintain their confidentiality are provided with the opportunity to file a disclosure veto or no-contact declaration for adoptions finalized prior to April 30, 2003. The disclosure veto or no-contact declaration remains in effect until cancelled in writing or until one year after the death of the person who filed it.
An adopted person and adult relative may register with the Provincial Director to exchange identifying or non-identifying information providing no disclosure veto or no-contact declaration has been filed.
For further information, contact Post Adoption Services at 709-729-4691.
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